You could buy self-heated food and drinks such as; Self-heating cans of pasta Self-heating coffee Self-heating meals in packets- chicken casserole, curry and all day breakfast Self-heating cans- to heat soups and drinks like; tea, hot chocolate and coffee. Q) Some self -heating food and drinks contain aluminum and calcium carbonate, this will create heat through exothermic reaction.

Self-heating food is heated through an exothermic reaction, older self-heating packs contained Magnesium and Salt eater (Sodium Chloride), which when they react together during an exothermic reaction to produce energy (heat) and Magnesium, Hydrogen and a Hydroxide. For example the Chemical equation; MGM (s) + AH (l) MGM+ (aqua) + H2O(g) t + AH- (aqua) The Ca(OH)2 (calcium hydroxide) component in the self-heating cans combines itself with the CA found in the atmosphere this forms calcium carbonate and water. This is done through an exothermic reaction as well.

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Q) When you are trying to heat the self-heating can it produces an exothermic action, which heats by giving out heat. For example; naturalization reactions between acids and alkalis and the reaction between water and calcium oxide. For everyday purposes exothermic reactions can be used in a hand warmer and self- heating food. Q) The process of extracting pure aluminum uses a large amount of energy to separate it from other minerals. Aluminum can react with a oxygen to release large amounts of energy through oxidation. Silica is also a source of oxygen.

Some companies have developed genealogy to precisely control the oxidation reaction to safely and efficiently generate heat energy. The metal button is a thermo-mechanical mechanism that when activated generates a confined hot spot on the surface of the fuel that starts the oxidation reaction and creates heat. Once the fuel is gone the heating process stops. The amount of heat generated and the rate that heat is released into the food or drink can be precisely made based on the mix of the fuel in the self-heating food cans.

This is important because the specific properties for a given food or drinks impacts its heating characteristics. For example, coffee heats faster than stew which has more and varied density. Also, the aluminum cup containing 40 ml of drink could produce temperature rise of around ICC in 40 seconds, due to the exothermic reaction. However, in different reaction between Lime and water it cause 63. 7 calories of energy. For example, calcium oxide and water has a rough theoretical value to 2

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